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PTE Word List for Academic (F G)

fabricate: Read
v. Syn. build
(制造,编造(谎言)) build; put together out of components or parts

facet: Read
n. Syn. side
((宝石的)琢面,方面) small, smooth, flat surface, as on a bone or tooth; side; a smooth surface

facilitate: Read
v. Syn. promote; expedite
(促进,帮助,使变容易) help bring about; make less difficult

faculty: Read
n. Syn. ability
(才能,教职员组织) inherent power or ability; body of persons with specific professional powers

fade: Read
v. Syn. disappear; die out
(减弱下去,褪色,消失,枯萎) disappear; die out; lose color; lose freshness

fallacy: Read
(谬误,错误) deceptive or false appearance; false notion; deception

fallible: Read
(容易犯错的) likely to fail or be inaccurate

falter: Read
v. Syn. hesitate
(犹豫,踌躇) be unsteady in purpose or action, as from loss of courage or confidence

famine: Read
n. Syn. starvation
(饥荒,饥饿) shortage of food; starvation

fanatic: Read
(狂热的,盲信的) person who is zealously enthusiastic for some cause; showing evidence of possession by a god or demon

fare: Read
(交通费,食物) food and drink; diet; transportation charge; a paying passenger

farewell: Read
(再见,一路平安) acknowledgment at parting; goodbye; act of departing or taking leave

fascinate: Read
v. Syn. intrigue; enthrall; captivate
(使着迷,使神魂颠倒) cause to be interested or curious; captivate

fastidious: Read
(挑剔的,难伺候的) difficult to please; having complicated requirements; excessively particular demanding about details

fatuous: Read
a. Syn. foolish
(愚蠢的,不可理喻的,不理智的) foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way

feasible: Read
a. Syn. practical; possible; suitable
(可行的) capable of being accomplished or brought about

feast: Read
(宴会,筵席,宗教节日) festival or holiday; festive or joyous meal; something highly agreeable; entertainment

feat: Read
n. Syn. achievement; accomplishment
(功绩,特指勇敢的行为,壮举) achievement; accomplishment

feature: Read
(特征,特色,容貌,相貌) prominent aspect of something

federation: Read
(联盟,同盟,联邦政府) uniting in a league; confederation; league

feeble: Read
a. Syn. weak; frail
(微弱的,衰弱的) lacking vigor, force, or effectiveness; faint; frail

feedback: Read
((信息的)反馈) response to an inquiry or experiment

fellowship: Read
(团体,协会) state or relation of being or associate; companionship of persons on equal and friendly terms; state of being together

fend: Read
(谋生,挡开,避开) ward off; make an effort to resist; keep off; prevent from entering

ferocious: Read
(凶猛的,残暴的) fierce; savage; wild; indicating cruelty

fertile: Read
a. Syn. rich; fruitful
(肥沃的,富饶的,能繁殖的) rich; fruitful; inventive; creative; intellectually productive

fervent: Read
(炙热的,诚挚的) extremely hot; sincerely or intensely felt

fester: Read
v. Syn. rot
(使溃烂,化脓) undergo decay; infect, inflame, or corrupt;

fetter: Read
v. Syn. impede; hamper
(羁绊,脚链) restrain with U-shaped bar for ankles or feet; impede; hamper

feud: Read
n. Syn. enmity; vendetta
(世仇,部落或家族间的怨恨) bitter quarrel between two parties

fibre: Read
n. Syn. fiber
(纤维,纤维织品) slender, elongated, threadlike object or structure

fickle: Read
a. Syn. changeable; faithless
(变化无常的,薄情的) not fixed or firm; liable to change; unstable; of a changeable mind

fidelity: Read
n. Syn. loyalty
(忠诚) faithfulness to obligations, duties, or observances

fierce: Read
a. Syn. ferocious; savage
(凶猛的) ferocious; savage; extremely severe or violent; terrible

filter: Read
n. Syn. strain; purify
(过滤) strain; pass liquid or gas through device that blocks some matter by particular criterion

filth: Read
(肮脏,粗语) foul matter; anything that soils or defiles; dirt; corruption; pollution

finance: Read
n. Syn. fund
(财政,拨款) management of money and credit and banking and investments; subsidizing; fund

finite: Read
(有限的,限定的) having a limit; limited in quantity, degree, or capacity; bounded

fixture: Read
n. Syn. commonplace object
(固定设备) commonplace object; object firmly fixed in place

flabby: Read
a. Syn. weak; limp
(优柔寡断的性格,软弱的,没气力的) weak; lacking firmness

flake: Read
n. Syn. peel; chip
(使成薄片,雪片) flat thin piece or layer; chip; small piece; small crystalline bit of snow

flap: Read
(拍动,拍击声,拍打) flat, usually thin piece attached at only one side; act of waving or fluttering; blow given with something flat; slap

flare: Read
(闪光,闪耀) sudden outburst of emotion; glare; shine; shine with sudden light

flask: Read
(烧瓶,细颈瓶) a small bottle-shaped vessel for holding fluids; narrow-necked vessel of metal or glass

flatter: Read
(奉承,谄媚) compliment someone, often insincerely and sometimes to win favor; enhance someone's vanity by praising them

flaunt: Read
(招摇,炫耀) display proudly or shamelessly; show oneself off

flavour: Read
n. Syn. flavor
(味,味道,特殊滋味) quality produced by the sensation of taste; a variety of tastes attributed to an object

flaw: Read
(瑕疵,缺陷,裂痕) crack or breach; gap or fissure; defect; fault; sudden burst of noise and disorder

flee: Read
(逃走,出国避难) run away, as from danger or evil; avoid in alarmed or cowardly manner

fleeting: Read
a. Syn. ephemeral
(短暂的,飞逝的) transient; brief; temporary; passing quickly

flexible: Read
a. Syn. pliant; elastic; docile
(易弯曲的,柔软的,变通的) pliant; elastic; capable of being bent or flexed; pliable

flicker: Read
(闪烁,摇曳) flutter; flap the wings without flying; waver unsteadily, like a flame in a current of air

flirt: Read
(挑逗,调戏) deal playfully; move abruptly; toss or flip suddenly

flock: Read
n. Syn. group; herd; crowd
(一群同类的牲畜) group; herd; crowd; gather; crowd; throng

flour: Read
(面粉,制成粉) fine powdery foodstuff; soft, fine powder

flourish: Read
v. Syn. prosper
(生长,繁荣,装饰) grow well; decorate with ornaments; be in a period of productivity

fluctuate: Read
v. Syn. waver; shift
(波动的,起伏的,摇摆不定的) rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

fluent: Read
a. Syn. articulate; eloquent; graceful
(流利的,流畅的) easy and graceful in shape; graceful; smooth and unconstrained in movement

fluff: Read
(松软的绒毛团,软毛,填充材料) inflated or padded material; light down or fuzz, as on a young bird; superficial entertainment

flutter: Read
(拍翅振翼,振翼而飞,不安,焦急) vibrate or move quickly; drive in disorder; throw into confusion; wave or flap rapidly in an irregular manner

flux: Read
n. Syn. flowing; fusion
(变迁,流动) flowing; series of changes; state of being liquid through heat

flyover: Read
(立交桥) flight over a specific location, usually at low altitude, as by a formation of military aircraft; overpass, as on a highway

foam: Read
(泡沫) white substance, consisting of an aggregation of bubbles, which is formed on the surface of liquids

foil: Read
v. Syn. hinder
(阻止成功) prevent from being successful

forecast: Read
n. Syn. prediction; outlook
(预测,预报) prediction about how something will develop, as for weather

foremost: Read
a. Syn. leading; main; primary
(最先的,最重要的,第一流的) leading; main; primary; first in time or place

forerunner: Read
n. Syn. predecessor; herald
(先驱,前身) predecessor; one who goes before or announces the coming of another

foresee: Read
v. Syn. anticipate; predict
(预见,预知) anticipate; predict

forfeit: Read
n. Syn. injury; wrong; mischief
(丧失,没收,丧失物) something surrendered as punishment for crime or error

forge: Read
(铸造,伪造) workplace where metal is worked by heating and hammering

format: Read
v. Syn. pattern; design
(模式,格式) pattern; design; set into a specific pattern

formidable: Read
a. Syn. menacing; threatening
(威胁的,险恶的) arousing fear; threatening; difficult to undertake or defeat

formulate: Read
v. Syn. policy; theory
(系统地阐述,创立理论) decide upon and express in words

forte: Read
(强项,特殊才能) particular skill; special talent

forthcoming: Read
(即将到来的,准备好的,现成的) ready or about to appear; making appearance

fortify: Read
(加强,巩固) make strong or stronger; prepare oneself for a military confrontation

fortnight: Read
(两星期) a period of fourteen consecutive days

forum: Read
(论坛) place to discuss public concerns; meeting or medium for open discussion

fountain: Read
(喷泉,喷水池,喷水) spring of water issuing from the earth; artificially produced jet or stream of water

fraction: Read
n. Syn. segment; fragment
(小部分,少量) segment; fragment; a small proportion of

fracture: Read
v. Syn. break; crack
(骨折,破裂) break into pieces; crack; destroy; violate or abuse

fragment: Read
n. Syn. piece; fraction
(碎片) small part broken off or detached; fraction

fragrance: Read
(香味,芳香) scent; aroma; distinctive odor that is pleasant

frail: Read
a. Syn. weak
(弱的) physically weak; easily broken

framework: Read
n. Syn. structure; skeleton
(构架,骨架) fundamental structure, as for a written work; skeleton

frantic: Read
a. Syn. mad; insane
(狂乱) highly excited with strong emotion; disordered or nervous activity

fraught: Read
(满的) furnished or equipped; sufficient to satisfy

freight: Read
(货物,货运) transport commercially as cargo; load with goods; goods carried by a large vehicle

fret: Read
v. Syn. vex
(被激怒) cause to be uneasy; wear away

friction: Read
n. Syn. abrasion; scraping
(摩擦) clash in opinion; rubbing against; conflict

fringe: Read
n. Syn. margin; periphery
(边缘,边界) margin; periphery; decorative border of hanging threads, cords, or strips, often attached to a separate band

frontier: Read
(边界,边疆,未开拓领域) part of a country which fronts or faces another country or an unsettled region; border, confine, or extreme part of a country

frost: Read
(霜,霜冻) ice crystal; weather cold enough to cause freezing; provide with a rough surface or appearance

frown: Read
(皱眉) look angry; wrinkle one's forehead; regard something with disapproval or distaste

frugal: Read
a. Syn. sparing; economical; thrifty
(节约的,精打细算) sparing; economical; costing little; inexpensive

fruition: Read
n. Syn. fulfillment; realization
(享用,成就,实现) bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization

frustrate: Read
v. Syn. thwart; defeat
(阻碍,挫败) make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment

fulfil: Read
v. Syn. fulfill
(实现,满足,完成) fill full; fill to the utmost capacity, as a vessel, a room; make full or complete

fume: Read
n. Syn. gas; smoke
(有害,浓烈或难闻的气体) a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas; emit a cloud of fine particles

fundamental: Read
a. Syn. primary; essential
(基本的,基础的) relating to foundation or base; elementary; primary; essential

funnel: Read
(烟筒,漏斗) passage or avenue for a fluid or flowing substance; specifically, a smoke flue or pipe; iron chimney of a steamship or the like

furnace: Read
(熔炉,高炉,火炉) enclosed place in which heat is produced; place or time of punishment or great trial; intensely hot place

furnish: Read
v. Syn. provide; supply
(为某物提供家具,用家具布置) provide; supply; equip with what is needed, especially to provide furniture for

furthermore: Read
(而且,此外) in addition; moreover; still further

fury: Read
n. Syn. anger
(愤怒,狂怒) violent anger; rage; uncontrolled action; turbulence

fuse: Read
v. Syn. combine; blend
(熔合,熔化) combine; blend; become plastic or fluid or liquefied from heat

gaily: Read
(高兴地,快乐地) merrily; showily; in a joyful, cheerful, or happy manner

galaxy: Read
(星系,一群显赫的人) large, isolated system of stars, as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities

gaol: Read
n. Syn. jail
(监狱,监牢) place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment

gape: Read
v. Syn. yawn
(张着嘴呆看,裂缝) open the mouth wide; yawn from sleepiness, weariness, or dullness

garment: Read
(衣服) any article of clothing, as coat or gown

gaudy: Read
a. Syn. flashy
(华而不实的) very showy or ornamented, especially when excessive, or in a tasteless or vulgar manner

gauge: Read
n. Syn. measure; judge
(标准量度,计量器) measuring instrument; measure; judge

gaunt: Read
a. Syn. barren
(瘦骨嶙峋,憔悴,荒芜) very thin, especially from disease or hunger or cold; barren

gender: Read
(性,性别) sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture; category

generalize: Read
v. Syn. infer; deduce
(归纳,概括) reach conclusion; become systemic and spread throughout the body

generate: Read
v. Syn. cause; produce; create
(产生,创造) bring into being; give rise to; produce

generic: Read
a. Syn. general
(普通的) of an entire group or class; general

genial: Read
a. Syn. friendly; cordial
(和蔼可亲的) friendly; cordial; having a pleasant or friendly disposition or manner

geology: Read
(地质学) science which treats the structure and mineral constitution of the globe

geometry: Read
(几何学) mathematics of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids

germ: Read
(病菌,细菌,根源) bacteria; earliest form of an organism; seed

ghastly: Read
a. Syn. horrible
(恐怖的) horrible; inspiring shock; extremely unpleasant or bad

gigantic: Read
a. Syn. mammoth; huge; enormous
(巨大的) exceedingly large; huge; very large or extensive

giggle: Read
(格格地笑,傻笑,格格笑,傻笑) laugh with short catches of the breath or voice; laugh in light, affected, or silly manner

gist: Read
n. Syn. essence
(精华) most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; central idea

glacier: Read
(冰川) a large body of ice which flows under its own mass, usually downhill

glamour: Read
n. Syn. enchantment
(魅力,魔力) air of compelling charm, romance, and excitement, especially when delusively alluring; magic spell

gland: Read
(腺体) any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream

glare: Read
n. Syn. light; brightness
(眩目的光) light; brightness; fierce or angry stare

gleam: Read
(亮光,闪光,发闪光) cause to emit a flash of light

glide: Read
v. Syn. slide; slip
(滑动,滑行) slide; move in a smooth, effortless manner

glimmer: Read
n. Syn. twinkle; flash
(闪烁) dim or intermittent flicker or flash of light; faint glow; shimmer

glimpse: Read
n. Syn. glance
(一瞥,一看) glance; a quick look ; see briefly; a brief or incomplete view

glitter: Read
(闪闪发光,闪烁,魅力) bright, sparkling light; brilliant and showy luster; brilliancy

globe: Read
(球,球状物,地球仪) body with the shape of a sphere, especially a representation of the earth in the form of a hollow ball

gloomy: Read
a. Syn. dusky; dim
(阴暗的,没有希望的) imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim; clouded

gloss: Read
(注解,评注) provide extensive explanation for words or phrases

glossary: Read
(词汇表) brief explanation of words, often placed at back of book

goad: Read
(刺激,激励,驱策) urge with a long pointed stick; give heart or courage to

gradual: Read
(逐渐的,逐步的,渐进的) proceeding by steps or degrees; advancing, step by step, as in ascent or descent or from one state to another; regularly progressive

granary: Read
(谷仓,主要来源) building for storing threshed grain; region yielding much grain

granular: Read
(粒状的,含颗粒的) consisting of or resembling grains; having grainy texture

graph: Read
n. Syn. chart
(图表) chart; a drawing illustrating the relations

graphic: Read
a. Syn. vivid; explicit
(图像的,图画的) represented by graph; described in vivid detail; clearly outlined

grate: Read
(磨碎,惹恼,因摩擦发出的刺耳声音) make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred

gratuity: Read
(赏钱,小费) something given freely or without recompense; free gift; a present

gravel: Read
(碎石,砂砾) small stones, or fragments of stone; very small pebbles, often intermixed with particles of sand

gravity: Read
n. Syn. seriousness
(重力,严重,庄严,严肃) seriousness; solemn and dignified feeling; natural force between two massive bodies

graze: Read
v. Syn. feed
(吃青草) scrape gently; feed on growing grasses and herbage

grid: Read
(格子,格栅) framework of crisscrossed or parallel bars; grating or mesh

grieve: Read
(伤心,悲痛,使人悲痛,使人伤心) cause to be sorrowful; distress

grim: Read
(冷酷的,可怕的) unrelenting; rigid; dismal and gloomy; cold and forbidding

grin: Read
(露齿而笑,咧嘴笑,露齿而笑) act of withdrawing lips and showing teeth; broad smile

grind: Read
v. Syn. crush; scrape
(磨碎,碾碎) crush; scrape; reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

grit: Read
(沙粒,硬粒) sand or gravel; rough, hard particles; coarse part of meal; grain, as oats or wheat

groan: Read
(呻吟着说,抱怨声) give forth a low, moaning sound in breathing

grope: Read
v. Syn. fumble; probe
(摸索,探索) search blindly or uncertainly; reach about uncertainly; feel one's way

growl: Read
((动物)咆哮,吼叫) utter a deep guttural sound, as angry dog; give forth an angry, grumbling sound; emit low guttural sound

grumble: Read
(抱怨) utter or emit low dull rumbling sounds

guideline: Read
(指导方针) statement or other indication of policy; light line, used in lettering, to help align the text

guild: Read
(行会,同业公会,协会) association of people belonging to the same class, or engaged in kindred pursuits; business corporation

gush: Read
v. Syn. flow
(喷涌,涌流) flow forth suddenly in great volume; make an excessive display

gust: Read
n. Syn. blast; outburst
(阵风,一阵狂风) blast; outburst

gymnasium: Read
(体育馆,健身房) place or building where athletic exercises are performed; a school for gymnastics